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McDonald's Buildings (page 1)

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The brothers Maurice and Richard McDonald opened their first restaurant in 1940 in San Bernardino, CA. It was a BBQ stand which featured car hops. In 1948, the brothers made the switch to hamburgers and invented the self-serve Speedee System with walk-up window service. The first building to include the twin golden arches was built in Phoenix, AZ in 1953. Older buildings were retrofitted to include them after that. The brothers sold the company to Ray Kroc in 1954. Today, there are over 25,000 McDonald's locations worldwide. For more about McDonald's history, see these websites: 1, 2, and 3.

McDonald's
Downey, CA
In 1953, the McDonald brothers opened this McDonald's, their fourth location. It is the oldest, still-operating example of the chain. The glass-fronted building features the classic Golden Arches design with red and white striped tile. It also features a 60 foot tall Speedee the Chef neon sign which was built in 1959. This was the only sign built with this design.

After severe damage from the Northridge earthquake, the building was nearly demolished in 1994. However, with public support and publicity generated by the Los Angeles Conservancy Modern Committee, this McDonald's reopened in 1996. The building was left intact with its walk-up windows and outdoor seating. A separate building houses a museum, gift shop, and restrooms. For more on this location, see this website. [map]

McDonald's
Lewiston, ID
This modern McDonald's was modeled after the early walk-up building design. For more of these "retro" designs, see this page. The modern sign at this location is the only one that I know of which was modeled after the one at the Downey location (described above) which was unique. This building and sign have been here since at least 2006. These photos are from 2016. For more, see this website. [map]

former McDonald's
Pomona, CA
This former McDonald's was built in 1954 as the seventh location in the chain. It closed in 1968. The building has housed AMA Donuts since at least 2004. The top part of the golden arches have been removed from the building and the sign has been significantly altered. This sign style preceded the other remaining vintage Speedee signs. None of these remain intact. They originally looked like this one. Note that Speedee held a hamburger in these early signs. For lack of any other name for these signs, I will call them "double circle" signs. I believe this is the one sign like this left. [map]

former McDonald's [gone]
Los Angeles, CA
2008: 2012:
This former McDonald's housed Tacos El Gavilan since at least 2003. I believe this location was built in 1956. This rare "double circle" sign was missing the arch which would have supported the sign and extended over the top like the one in Pomona shown directly above. The sign's arch was still there in the 1970s when the building housed Spots Hamburgers. Around 2010, the top part of the arches were removed from the building. In 2016, the building and sign were demolished. For more, see these websites: 1 and 2.

McDonald's #1
Des Plaines, IL
In 1955, after the Ray Kroc buy-out, this restaurant was built as McDonald's #1. Kroc based this building's design on the one in Downey, CA. The building was remodeled several times and then demolished in 1984. It was recreated from original blueprints. The Speedee sign is supposedly original. However, I have my doubts based on this 1955 photo. The Speedee figure seems taller and has subtle differences. More noticeably, the area behind him was a solid panel. Note that the sign's golden arch, even in 1955, is much narrower than the other vintage Speedee signs of this style. It could have been a one-off like the one in Downey, CA. However, the main red text panel has modern looking wrap-around metal on the sides. I have also heard from a McDonald's historian that this sign came from Indiana.

This location no longer serves food but there is a modern McDonald's across the street. This location is used as the official McDonald's Corporation Museum. Male mannequins wear the 1955 uniform (dark pants, white shirts, aprons and paper hats). The customer service and food preparation areas have original equipment that were used back when fresh potatoes were used for the fries, milkshakes were made with Multi-mixers, and the Coke and root beer were drawn from a barrel. The basement has old photos, advertising, memorabilia, and a video presentation. The menu board has crests like those on the McDonald's signs from 1962 (see next page). For more, see this website. [map]

McDonald's
Portland, OR
This McDonald's building was built around 1962 and was in use until 1980. The interior has been remodeled. The vintage sign is long gone. There is a modern McDonald's directly behind this building. The vintage building can be rented out for meetings and parties. [map]

McDonald's
San Jose, CA
This still-operating McDonald's retains much of its original look and has a "skinny M" sign. It was built around 1967. This illustration from 1967 shows the same style building with concave roofline and double arches. A new structure was added to the back of this building. It's not known if this dining room was original or added later. The interior features vintage photo reproductions such as the one shown in the bottom row above of an unidentified location. For more, see this website. [map]

The only other vintage building that I know of with this design is in Atlanta, GA and it no longer houses a McDonald's.

former McDonald's
Long Beach, CA
This former McDonald's now houses an Original Tommy's Hamburgers. I believe this location was built in 1962. The backside of the building still retains the red and white tiles. Tommy's sign supports are probably adapted from the original McDonald's sign. This is still a walk-up stand with no indoor seating. [map]

former McDonald's
Compton, CA
former McDonald's
Dallas, TX
This former McDonald's in Compton is still recognizable as an early location despite its makeover for Image Management Systems. [map]

This former McDonald's in Dallas was supposedly the first location built in Texas. This is also believed to be the first location built outside California. One source states that this was the third location built for the chain. I find that hard to believe. The building's golden arches are gone. The building was used as part of a used car lot for years. It is now home to Record's Barbecue. [map]

former McDonald's
Marshall, TX
This building which now houses Mr. Donuts & Kolaches appears to be a former McDonald's. The building still features lower portions of the Golden Arches. However, according to a news clipping, the first McDonald's in Marshall, since rebuilt, opened in 1972. I'm not sure if this building style was still being used at that time. [map]

former McDonald's
Phoenix, AZ
This former McDonald's was built in 1957. The building never had golden arches. It now houses Jimmy Jack's Drive-in. [map]

McDonald's Buildings
(page 2)
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